a dab is a concentrated form of THC that is extracted from cannabis flower using some type of solvent, such as butane or CO2, as well as newer methods that don’t involve solvents like rosin and ice-water hash. There are even distillate options that isolate just THC while removing other cannabinoids and terpenes to create a more potent product.
Concentrates are also consumed in a different, much more intense manner than marijuana in its more familiar dry flower (bud) form. A blow torch is used to heat up a metal, glass or ceramic element that takes the place of a normal bowl-piece that would be on a bong. This is called the nail. The bong-looking device that is used for dabs is commonly called an oil rig or just a rig. The concentrate is then dropped or “dabbed” into the nail using a “dabber” or narrow pointed tool with the concentrate on the tip.
The high heat of the nail from the blowtorch instantly evaporates — or at a lower temperature, melts down — the concentrates. The vapor is then inhaled like a normal hit from a bong. The difference between a dab and a bong hit, however, is real
Dabs are concentrated doses of cannabis that are made by extracting THC and other cannabinoids using a solvent like butane or carbon dioxide, resulting in sticky oils also commonly referred to as wax, shatter, budder, and butane hash oil (BHO). While it’s possible to extract non-psychoactive compounds like CBD, THC is what’s behind the potent effects of dabs, making them the fastest and most efficient way to get really, really medicated. Terpenes, or the aromatic oils that give cannabis flavor, can also be extracted, although it can be difficult to preserve these volatile compounds in the extraction process.
It is ALso dangerous.
As a witness, caretaker and parent, I would advise being very careful and seek a Dr.’s help when quitting if you have been taking it for a while. It is much more addictive than flower. Hence, a persons propensity to abuse.
A family member quit cold turkey after taking an excessive amount of dabs for 8+ months. (Not sure how much, but his roommate said it was every day.) 10 days after quitting, the brain basically went into some sort of shock trying to readjust to the change in chemicals. He started having somatic seizures. Soon thereafter, he sporadically began having horrible hallucinations (visual and auditory) and delusions that within about 2 days were constant. He was in a psychiatric hospital for 2 months. It was extremely difficult to find the right cocktail of anti-psychotics to make it manageable. (Olanzapine/Zyprexa was the savior I believe. Never tried clozapine, but went through many others + benzo’s and anti depressants). I believe this is why so many people complain about getting schizophrenia using marijuana/high THC concentrates. It is very difficult to treat once you experience this type of psychotic event.
Even after his release, it took another 2 months for the delusions to finally go away after fine tuning the medication. 2 years later, he suffers from depression and anxiety of which medicine helps, but not completely.
Dabs, bho … is dangerous stuff. This is not your grandpa’s cannabis. I think there is a big difference between “just smoking marijuana” and taking dabs. Again, his psychosis only happened well after quitting.